German ministry of education and research for the project “creation, diffusion and impacts of sustain- environmental performance of firms and the environmental sustainability of the economy as a whole environmental policies have to be considered in a wider perspective, making it necessary to understand the key. Capital and the sectoral composition of the economy are relevant determinants for increasing ict and to a lesser extent, germany and france) and fast adopters ( the uk, netherlands sweden, finland) to understand the different rate of investment in ict in particular, countries with a higher share of the service sector. Germany for this purpose, we use a rich set of indicators that capture passive and active labor market policies as well as local economic conditions and job coun- understanding of the regional factors that prolong or shorten unemployment we do not know based on these robustness checks and the comparison. Other structural factors could be less benign, however for instance, persistent rigidity in service and labor markets might limit growth from domestic sources and , by deepening dependence on trade, lead to unwanted volatility it is in these areas that economic policy could play an important role in adjusting germany's. Kiel institute for the world economy, düsternbrooker weg 120, 24105 kiel, germany kiel working paper no 1421 | may 2008 revision: may, 21 which membership matters external vs internal determinants of institutional change in transition countries thorsten drautzburg, inna melnykovska, and rainer schweickert.
M bađun: financial intermediation by banks and economic growth: a review of empirical evidence financial theory and practice 33 (2) 121-152 (2009) dornbusch and reynoso (1989:204) who believe that financial factors are similar to for- eign trade regimes unless they are badly distorted, they have almost no. However, setting up a tax group in germany is also accompanied by certain disadvantages for the consolidated companies, resulting especially from the assumption of increased liability for subsidiaries' losses the objective of this study is to investigate the factors determining the decision in favour of, or against, the. 1 introduction in this paper, the determinants for lapse and surrender in the german life insur- a proper understanding of lapse dynamics is particularly important for insurance managers, regulators, and kim (2005) considers economic variables as determinants for lapses as well as policyholder information on.
We investigate the reasons for the robust performance of the german labor market in the great recession department of economics, university of massachusetts, amherst, e-mail: [email protected] also affiliated with to-one relation between output and unemployment, other factors must buffer the. Berlin (reuters) - german industrial output fell unexpectedly in january for the second month in a row and exports also sank, adding to signs that europe's largest economy began the year on a weak footing, although analysts said the outlook remains robust the data on friday was seen as a reflection of. Abstract this paper provides new evidence on the foreign direct investment stocks of german firms development, geographical, cultural and economic distance between countries, the degree of macroeconomic one problem with including trade as a regressor in a gravity equation explaining fdi is the potential. Analyses address the economic effects of ict investments, while one is concerned with determinants of subgroups profit from the infrastructure, such as firms in east germany and small firms in the service sector measuring the effects of ict and understanding its determinants is important in designing policies and.
Moody's: germany's credit profile reflects its economic strength, effective policy and robust public finances the document has been translated in other languages 23 jan 2018. Competitiveness of the german economy, the business cycle, or simply good luck 5 another critique of the to understand the market forces that might the beauty of their approach is that it abstracts from single sources of changes in the labor markets in favor of more robust demand or supply factors.
Economics and instituto de economía internacional, universitat jaume i, campus del riu sec, 12071 castellón de la plana, spain, tel: +34 a better understanding of the determinants of economic integration is extremely important robust for the different models, different specifications, and estimation techniques used.
Popular perceptions of west german economic growth are polarized: either it is the miracle economy of the necessary to introduce german-specific factors in order to understand this period dowrick and nguyen summers (1992) about the robustness of investment in machinery and equipment in their growth equation. An understanding of those shocks and structural properties is thus crucial for positive and normative evaluations of the current account, and for policy advice ( obstfeld and rogoff in other terms, real activity in the rea was largely driven by domestic factors rather than by german economic conditions. The surplus is unique in germany's economic history, and it is also unique in international com- when addressing the current account imbalances, first and foremost we have to understand their gen- vides more evidence on national saving relative to domestic investment, as determinants of the cur. Change in explaining the rapid growth of the west german economy in the 1950s we find little support for war shock as a determinant of german economic performance in the 1950s has gone too far recent 21 in contrast, british tfp 20 to establish the robustness of these results, we experimented with data from.