Pubblications in journals 2015 ceron, andrea and vincenzo memoli, “trust in government and media slant: a cross-sectional analysis of media effects in 27 european countries”, the in- ternational journal of press/politics, 20(3), forthcoming 2015 ceron, andrea, “inter-factional conflicts and government formation. Andreia, or courage, was the dominating quality of the spartans thrasytes, or boldness, was the dominating quality of the athenians for the greeks, the word andreia meant both courage and manliness courage was the sine qua non of being a mature man the two qualities were inextricably intertwined. One such virtue, i expect, that none would object to is the virtue of courage and this, in fact, is the first virtue aristotle speaks about in detail now, like all virtues, the virtue of courage (andreia, literally 'manliness') 1)ἀνδρεία deals with a mean, that is, a midpoint of moderation between two extreme points.
Physical courage is bravery in the face of physical pain, hardship, death or threat of death, while moral courage is the ability to act rightly in the face of popular opposition, shame, scandal, discouragement, or personal loss the classical virtue of fortitude (andreia, fortitudo) is also translated courage, but includes the.
For the ancient greeks, homer's iliad was the bible on andreia — that is, manliness, particularly manly courage alexander the great was said to have kept a special edition of the epic poem (prepared by his tutor aristotle) under his pillow during his conquests and he'd read from it often for alexander.