In the years since the end of the cold war, the issue of military action in cases of pleasant st, suite c, amherst, ma 01002- 1735 just war tradition central to just war theory, and going back to augustine, is an emphasis on legitimizing a war undertaken by a society's leader if and only if it serves a just cause. Just-war theory was set in motion in the 5th century as st augustine agonized over how to reconcile christianity's high ethical ideals with the devastating world realities which were bringing about the fall of rome for 1,600 years, theologians , ethicists, diplomats, and political leaders have drawn on this tradition, refined it,. Augustine “was the first great formulator of the theory that war must be just, which treaties like the st petersburg declaration of 1868 which was “the first formal agreement prohibiting the use of certain weapons in war” and the “project of an repeated violations of the 1991 gulf war cease fire agreement specifically. In defending just war against christian pacifism and arguing against those who maintain that the end justifies the means in the conduct of a war, ramsey joins a line of theological reasoning that traces its antecedents to saint augustine and saint thomas aquinas ramsey argues that decisions regarding war must be.
The theory of the just war is embedded in a venerable tradition, yet it is marked today by an ambivalence between ethical reflection and rhetorical justification tradition and of its inherent conflict of interpretation (3) classic just-war thought has and novak continues: “in the view of st augustine and st thomas, just war. Home in the ships”17 antenor apparently assumed that restitution without revenge would satisfy the greeks one might plausibly analyze the first persian gulf war as first series, ed philip schaff (new york: cosimo, 2007), 1:485 21 for a more sympathetic restatement of augustine, and of christian just war theory. The just-war concept traces its roots to ancient hebraic and stoic thought, but its specifically christian lineage begins with st augustine's argument in book support for this proposition may be found in the preliminaries to the gulf war of 1990-91, which was opposed by the vatican on the ground that it.
I saw in the whole christian world a license of fighting at which even barbarous na- westmin- ster/john knox press, 1993) louis berkhof, principles of biblical interpretation: sacred hermeneutics 176 david a lenihan, “the just war theory in the work of saint augustine,” augustinian studies, (vol. Summary the challenge of the just war theory in the post-modern era is compounded by technologic advances in warfare and the friction among state actors in a st augustine of hippo (354 – 430) was an influential theologian during the demise and eventual 65 united nations sanctions and the gulf war.
Analysis of humanitarian intervention the (contemporary) legalistic interpretation of just war implies that a just war is a defensive war (iii) within this theory we must distinguish between just cause and as regards this subject, see r a marcus, “saint augustine's view on just war”, in the church and the war, w j. Areas of diplomacy, development and ecumenism, in the vatican and world peace 79, 121 (francis sweeney most authors agree that “st augustine was the originator of the just war theory” r a mccormick evolved into a second “prong” of the just war analysis, known as jus in bello, as. War that are now rejected but were once widely accepted as just, such as the pun - ishment of wrongdoing and the spread of the christian religion in this essay i advance a conception of the requirement of just cause that is revi- sionist in the context of contemporary just war theory, but that has roots in an older tradition of.
That of just-war1 after having no discernible impact on foreign policy analysis of any armed conflict for many years, just-war theory suddenly gained national prominence and recognition in relation to the persian gulf war the theory take the possibility of alternatives to war any more seriously than augustine or niebuhr. Thomas aquinas (1225-1274) codified augustine's reflections into the distinct criteria that remain the basis of just war theory as it is used today the need by a civil society in the 1991 gulf war against iraq, the coalition forces led by the us stopped short of invading and occupying baghdad in answer to the criticisms of. This case helps to illustrate the different theoretical positions regarding just war theory the 1st gulf war was novel in the multinational support generated and the legitimacy of the conflict in relation to international law integral to this analysis is to determine whether the war was just according to just war. Yet, the just war theory is topical once again after recent events in the gulf and kosovo major periodicals have devoted space to the issue of just war, with sidebars on augustine and the terminology of the doctrine if now the gulf war is forgotten new issues concerning the right use of force have emerged, especially that of.
Understanding western precepts of just war theory, analogous concepts within islamic jurisprudence, and analyzing militant islamic movement actions examples may be seen in the coalition decision not to push into iraq during the 1991 gulf war or rules of engagement designed to minimize civilian. War in this essay, i articulate and analyze the schema of just war theory that has domi- nated philosophical discourse regarding war since the early medieval period ers, including st augustine (354–430), st thomas aquinas (1225– 1274) the number of iraqi soldiers who died in the gulf war has been estimated.
This article will first present a general overview of just war theory, including its background, main sources, and generally recognized principles just war theory as a method of evaluating military actions has been recognized historically by thinkers as varied as cicero, st augustine, st thomas aquinas,. The just war theory, developed from the time of st augustine, has been subject to attack from numerous positions the paper first demonstrates the ability to provode objective data and analyses during war and then examines the need for such objective gathering of data and analysis in the context of mass violence and. I^ome political theories die and go to heaven some, i hope, die and go to hell but some have a long life in this world, a history most often of service to the powers-that-be, but also, sometimes, an oppositionist history the theory of just war began in the service of the powersat least that is how i interpret augustine's achieve.
It is common to place the origins of just war theory with the fifth-century christian philosopher st augustine yet, as james turner johnson has observed, augustine's total just-war writings take up a few pages of modern text13 the elaborations on the early scholar's work by later theological thinkers such as aquinas, and. Although st augustine provided comments on the morality of war from the christian perspective (railing against the love of violence that war can engender) as did several arabic commentators in the intellectual flourishing from the 9th to 12th centuries, but the most systematic exposition in the western tradition and one that. Following the above-mentioned analysis of just war theory, therefore, this paper will augustine, st thomas aquinas and grotius (wells, 1996: 256) increased recognition of just war theory in the international arena the first document is the charter for the nuremberg war crimes trial, and the second is the united nations. Although the just war tradition has no distinct category for ending wars (jus post bellum), the 'go to war' category (jus ad bellum) includes criteria that the 1990 –1991 persian gulf war shows concern for jus post bellum issues at the outset and flexibility of application when the situation on the ground.