Augustus instigated the practice of holding up the women of the imperial family as inspiring models of virtuous womanhood in the first century ad later emperors carried it further and in the second century ad empresses such as sabina (wife of the emperor trajan) were depicted as embodying, for example.
Promoting himself as the man who would return rome's past glory, augustus claimed that only by restoring the traditional values that had first made rome great could he hope to make it great again one writer commented: 'he renewed many traditions which were fading in our age and restored 82 temples of the gods. Traditionally, roman society was extremely rigid by the first century, however, the need for capable men to run rome's vast empire was slowly eroding the old social barriers the social structure of ancient rome was based on heredity, property, wealth, citizenship and freedom it was also based around men: women were.
Two thousand years ago, the world was ruled by rome, but rome could not rule itself it took two men to wrestle rome back from chaos and turn a republic into an empire in the first century bc, rome was a republic power lay in the hands of the senate, elected by roman citizens but the senators were fighting for power.
Gay has called it-the two centuries from the breakdown of the republic in the middle of the first century bc to the reign of marcus aurelius in the middle of the second century ad 29 these roman writers--cicero, virgil, sallust, tacitus, among others-set forth republican ideals and values about politics and society that have.